L. F. McManus Company, Inc.
9. Self-Perception Personality Checklist
DISC - Self-Perception Individual Reports
1. Developing a Self-Perception Report:
Individuals or clients who wish to complete the Self-Perception
checklist and create a personal report must have an established account with the L. F. McManus Company, Inc. This established account provides a User ID
; and Organization
identification listing. If you have such an account you may go directly to the Self-Perception
report web site by clicking on the following highlighted text: http://www.lfm-online.net
2. Establishing a Self-Perception Report Account:
Individuals who do not have an established Self-Perception account with the L. F. McManus Company, Inc. and wish to complete the Self-Perception checklist can do so by contacting the company at the e-mail address listed at the end of this page.
Additional information concerning this instrument and its use is listed in paragraph (3) below.
3. Self-Perception Descriptive Background Information:
The L. F. McManus Company, Inc. has developed a personality profile checklist, the Self-Perception that reflects four major themes of personality based on the work of psychologist William M. Marston, Ph.D. Dr. Marston was a professor of psychology at Columbia University, the inventor of the Lie Detector, and the creator of the comic strip, Wonder Woman. His original personality model was published in his book, "The Emotions of Normal People," Harcourt Brace & Company 1928.
It is a tribute to Marston that his work has survived for 73 years and has served as the model for a number of other personality instruments and questionnaires. Marston's personality model shares the long-standing acceptance of other significant psychological personality instruments such as the Rorschach Ink Blot Test, (1921); the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (1942); and the Myers Briggs Type Indicator, (1943) (based on the four factor work of Carl Jung). All three of these measures are still in extensive use today by psychologists throughout the world, as is the case with William M. Marston's DISC Model.
In fact, one is hard pressed, in psychological testing, to find other models of personality theory that have survived more than a ten year life span. For example, Transactional Analysis (Parent, Adult, Child), that dominated the management literature in the 1970s is rarely heard of today, as is also true of another popular model of the 70s and 80s, "Ego Strength and Empathy." It is interesting to note that Marston's personality model predates, and is more widely used today in management training, than the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator which is also a well known career counseling assessment tool.
The four (DISC) personality themes or factors that Marston's model describes are:
Dominance: Degree of assertiveness and aggressiveness. It is Active behavior in a situation perceived to be ANTAGONISTIC, where the intent of the behavior is to Overcome, Change and/or Control that which is perceived to be antagonistic.
INDUCEMENT: Desire to influence and persuade others in a friendly and positive way. It is Active behavior in a situation perceived to be FAVORABLE where the intent of the behavior is to persuade, to influence and to use personality style to gain an objective.
STEADINESS: (Marston's original word was "Submissiveness") Degree of patience, agreeableness, and persistence. It is Passive behavior in a situation perceived to be FAVORABLE where the intent of the behavior is to be agreeable, to be patient, and to be willing to be of service as a way of achieving an objective.
COMPLIANCE: Degree of accuracy, weighing risks, checking facts, and being cooperative. It is Passive behavior in a situation perceived to be ANTAGONISTIC where the intent of the behavior is to cooperate, to reduce confrontation, and to be cautious and analytical in the pursuit of an objective.
The Self-Perception personality checklist developed by the L. F. McManus Company, Inc. is composed of 96 adjectives grouped in 24 tetrads or groups of four. Each tetrad or group of four words contains a word that correlates with each of the four factors of the test: DOMINANCE; INDUCEMENT; STEADINESS; and COMPLIANCE. In each of the 24 sets of four words, individuals completing the instrument are asked to select which one of these four words is MOST like them and which one of these four words is LEAST like them.
A personality profile report is then developed from the responses given on the Self-Perception instrument which describes individuals in three personality dimensions: (1) How individuals basically see themselves; (2) How they are trying to modify or temper their behavior, if at all; and (3) kinds of work activities that are likely to be compatible with a given style of behavior.
The results of this personality checklist can provide significant information to the individual who has completed this instrument in terms of the potential strengths and weakness of their personality style. The information generated can be helpful to individuals in:
(1) Developing a greater level of insight into their personality style and how they are likely to be seen by and impact
(2) Career planning;
(3) Job selection and evaluating existing job/behavior compatibility;
(4) Increasing interpersonal effectiveness; and
(5) Enhancing their management skills and leadership ability.
Individuals and organizations who would like to know more about completing and/or using the Self-Perception adjective checklist for job placement, as a guide in selection interviewing, career planning, management and individual specialist training, should respond to our e-mail address and forward a request to us for more information concerning the instrument, its use, and fee structure.
For more information on the Self-Perception adjective checklist developed by the L. F. McManus Company, Inc., please use our e-mail address to contact us.